Our heritage deep in the Allegheny Mountains is steeped in tradition and family.
The heritage of Pocahontas County is rich in traditions and achievements. Today, the proud people of this area work hard to preserve our past and remember the many contributions made in railroading, logging, and during the Civil War. We also continue to cherish our beautiful mountains and natural resources that have been an important part of the lives of generations before us.
|Early Frontier Heritage|
|Civil War Heritage|
|Railroad & Logging Heritage|
|Pocahontas County Seat|
|Pocahontas County Heritage Preserved|
Early Frontier Heritage
Jacob Marlin and Stephen Sewell were the first English settlers to reach present-day Pocahontas County. In 1749, they built and shared a cabin on the banks of the Greenbrier River near present-day Marlinton.
When Andrew Lewis (early American pioneer, soldier, surveyor, and soldier from Virginia) came to survey one of the land grants for the Greenbrier Company in 1751, he found Jacob Marlin and Stephen Sewell living where Marlinton is found today.
On December 12, 1821, Pocahontas County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly from parts of Bath, Pendleton and Randolph counties. It was named in honor of Pocahontas (1595-1617), the Indian princess and daughter of Chief Powhatan, the King of the Confederated tribes of Atlantic Virginia.
Pocahontas is famous for having saved the life of Captain John Smith, founder and Governor of Jamestown, the first, permanent English settlement in America.
The area was first settled by the Scotch-Irish with the Germans and Dutch coming about fifty years later. Today pioneer surnames can still be found in names of brooks, streams, hills and regions.
The Battle of Greenbrier River, where the Confederates had established Camp Bartow, occurred October 3, 1861, resulting in the withdrawal of Union troops to Cheat Summit Fort. Confederate trenches are still visible today on the open hillside.
Soon after the battle, Confederate forces relocated to Camp Allegheny. Located at an altitude of 4,400 feet, it was one of the highest of the Civil War.
West Virginia’s last significant Civil War battle occurred on November 6, 1863 in the Greenbrier River Valley, north of Lewisburg. Union troops pinned the Confederates, who had concentrated their army on the ridge crest, by attacking from the right, left and rear. The Confederates were driven from the summit and retreated south into Virginia.
After a bloody battle that lasted about an hour, the Confederate Army retreated to Lewisburg. Following this battle, which today is the site of Droop Mountain Battlefield State Park, Union forces continued to meet scattered Confederate resistance in West Virginia, but the Confederate Army's presence in the state subsided substantially.